There are various branches involved in Ayurved, based on the different healing modalities and techniques. Let’s explore the different branches of Ayurved in this article.
Shalyatantra (शल्यतंत्र) – This branch of Ayurved deals mainly with surgical techniques, surgical instruments including scalpels, scopes, various types of bandages etc. It has some innovative techniques which are still unknown to Modern doctors such as use of caustic threads for treatment of fistula (ksharsutra). Plastic surgeries were first performed by Ayurvedic Surgens.
Shalakyatantra (शालाक्यतंत्र) – This is the branch of Ayurvedic medicine which deals with the treatment of diseases above neck region. It has described in detail diseases of ear, nose, throat, eye, even teeth along with methods of treatment. It has mentioned eye surgeries as well.
Kayachikitsa (कायचिकित्सा) – It is the branch of Ayurved which deals with Internal medicine. It has discussed both physical and psychological disorders, their methods of diagnosis and their treatment options. It talks about preventive aspect as well with description of diurnal and seasonal conduct.
Bhutavidya (भूतविद्या) – It is the branch of Ayurved which deals with non-medicinal methods of treatment. It includes various religious rituals and prayers. It is mainly used in connection with psychological disorders.
Kaumarbhritya (कौमारभृत्यतंत्र) – It is the branch of Ayurved which deals with Paediatrics. It has talked about Paediatric diseases and methods of treatment. In addition to this, it talks about other aspects such as appropriate toys for kids, selection of nanny, etc.
Agadatantra (अगदतंत्र) – It is the branch of Ayurvedic medicine which talks about poisonous effects of various toxins from plant as well as animal origin and their antidotes.
Rasayantantra (रसायनतंत्र) – It is the branch of Ayurvedic medicine which talks about methods of controlling aging factors and various ways of rejuvenation. It has given various medicinal formulations with potential for rejuvenation.
Vajikaran (वाजिकरण) – It is the branch of Ayurvedic medicine which deals with aphrodisiacs. It has described various methods and medicinal formulations for the treatment of Infertility, sexual dysfunctions, etc.