Dhatu

Dhatu

धारणात् धातव: ||

The components which act as building blocks of the body are known as Dhatus.

Dhatus are substances which support the body physically as well as physiologically.  The strength and normalcy of the body depends on the state and health of Dhatus. They are seven in number and have specific functions in the body. It is the perfect maintenance of the quantum of Dhatus which help in maintaining the structure and function of the body.

The following table explains the Dhatus and their respective characteristic function:

Dhatu Can be loosely correlated to Function
Rasa रस
Plasma
Preenan प्रीणन ( Nourishment)
Rakta रक्त
Blood
Jeevan जीवन (Life and Revival)
Mamsa मांस
Muscle
Lepan लेपन (Coating)
Meda मेद
Fat
Snehan स्नेहन (Lubrication)
Asthi अस्थी
Bones
Dharan धारण (Support)
Majja मज्जा
Bone Marrow
Pooran पुरण (Filling)
Shukra शुक्र
Sexual hormones, Sperm / Ovum
Garbhotpadan गर्भोत्पादन (Reproduction)

To understand the effects of Agni on Dhatus, we recommend reading the following articles :

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